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世界地质公园网络中的山岳——王屋山—黛眉山联合国教科文组织世界地质公园

来源:世界地质公园网络GGN 作者:世界地质公园网络GGN 时间:2018-3-19 15:42:38

 王屋山—黛眉山联合国教科文组织世界地质公园位于中国河南省,由七个景区组成,根据地貌特征分为三个区域,包括北部的王屋山、南部的黛眉山和中部的黄河谷地。公园位于华北地块南缘,拥有丰富的地质记录。
作为被联合国教科文组织认可的中国具有国际重要地质遗迹地区的35个公园之一,是分布在35个国家的127个联合国教科文组织世界地质公园之一,也是世界地质公园网络的机构成员。
王屋山—黛眉山联合国教科文组织世界地质公园保存了从新太古代到新生代的一整套地质历史记录,华北克拉通演化历史记录清晰可见,这是研究中国北方甚至全球地质演化的理想场所。
新太古界林山岩群是本地区最古老的地层,已有超过25亿年的历史。太古宇、元古宇、古生界、中生界和新生界地层云集于此,跨越5000多万年的时间。这些地层中保存了许多动植物和遗迹化石。与黄河演化相关的新构造运动,反映中生代东部中生代演化,还有反映哥伦比亚超大陆早期聚集和分裂的地球历史记录对研究整个华北陆块乃至全球的地质演化历史具有重要的意义。
王屋山地质历史悠久,不仅造就了美丽的自然景观,而且还蕴含了煤,铁,铝等20多种矿产资源。在黛眉山,奇石被收藏家珍视为珍宝。该地区也拥有丰富的生态资源。1200种植物组成了一个种子库。许多粗大的银杏树已有超过2000年的历史。这些树是许多传说的源泉。王屋山深处生活着近3000只猕猴,它们是世界上生活在最北端的猕猴。

Wangwushan-Daimeishan UNESCO Global Geopark is located in Henan Province, China It consists of seven scenic sites and is subdivided into three areas on the basis of geomorphology: Wangwu Mountain, Daimei Mountain and the Yellow River Valley. The Geopark lies on the southern margin of the North China Block and has an abundant geologic record.
As one of the 35 recognized by UNESCO areas with geoheritage of international importance in China, it belongs to the 127 UNESCO Global Geoparks laying in 35 countries. They are all institutional members of the Global Geoparks Network.
A complete set of the geo-historical record from Neoarchean to Cenozoic is conserved in the Wangwushan-Daimeishan UNESCO Global Geopark, where records of the evolution history of North China craton is clearly displayed, making it the ideal place to research the geological evolution of North China, even worldwide. The Linshanyan group of Neoarchean, the oldest formation in the region, has a history of more than 2.5 billion years old. Strata from different periods developed in sequence from Proterozoic, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic are overlaid, spanning a period of more than 50 million years. A lot of plant, animal and trace fossils were preserved in these deposits. The geological records of Neotectonic movements associated with the evolution of the Yellow River, the geological records reflecting the evolution of eastern China in Mesozoic, and the group of geological time reflecting the history of the aggregation and fragmentation of the Columbia supercontinent in the early time of the Earth have an important significance on researching the geological history of the whole North China, even the world.
The long geological history of Wangwu Mountain created not only a beautiful natural landscape but more than 20 kinds of mineral resources such as coal, iron, and aluminum. At Daimei Mountain, odd stones are prized by collectors as treasure. The area’s ecology is similarly rich; 1,200 species of plants comprise an established seed bank. Many large Gingko trees are over 2,000 years old. These trees are the source of many legends. In the deep forest of Wangwu Mountain, more than 3,000 macaques comprise the world’s most northern population of macaques.