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世界地质公园网络中的山岳——阿普安阿尔卑斯山联合国教科文组织世界地质公园

来源:世界地质公园网络GGN 作者:世界地质公园网络GGN 时间:2018-3-19 15:37:13

<p>&nbsp;<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">阿普安阿尔卑斯山联合国教科文组织世界地质公园</span><br style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;" /> <span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">位于托斯卡纳西北部,公园由阿普安阿尔卑斯山公园构成,包括所有临近山脉主分水岭的陡坡和阿普安峡谷。</span><br style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;" /> <span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">作为意大利国内被教科文组织认可的十个具有国际地学意义的区域之一,她同样也是分布在35个国的家127个世界地质公园之一。这127家公园都是世界地质公园网络的机构成员。</span><br style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;" /> <span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">阿普安阿尔卑斯山,位于意大利中北部托斯卡纳西北边缘, 是一个地形复杂的迷人世界,她以美丽的大理石、幽深的峡谷和巨大的溶洞而闻名世界。 250个地质遗迹凸显了公园杰出的地质多样性。在阿普安山脊中心有一个构造窗口,展示了亚平宁山脉最古老的地质单元,属于古生代(大约5亿年前)。阿普安阿尔卑斯一直被认为是意大利地质学的典型区域,因为她代表了亚平宁山脉北部最重要的构造窗口,出露了该山脉由绿片岩相变质岩构成的最底层构造单元。这个杂岩体被非变质岩构成的外来岩体所推覆。总而言之,阿普安阿尔卑斯出露了从古生代基底部分到新生代前渊沉积的砂岩的一系列岩石。然而,她的特征岩石是发生在不同层次的变质沉积层序上的大理石(如卡拉拉大理石)。就矿物学而言,阿普安阿尔卑斯山也是一个令人感兴趣的地方,200种矿物中的18种就是在这个区域发现的。</span><br style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;" /> <span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">阿普安阿尔卑斯山地质公园动植物资源丰富,是一个拥有巨大地质生态价值的山区,其中特有动物(穴居蜥蜴Speleomantes ambrosii, 鞘翅目Duvalius apuanus等)和植物物种(Globularia incanescens, Salix crataegifolia等)。</span></p> <p><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;">The Alpi Apuane UNESCO Global Geopark is located in north-western Tuscany.&nbsp;
The UNESCO Global Geopark comprises the whole territory of the Apuan Alps regional Park and includes all the high slopes next to the main watershed of the mountain range and the deep Apuan valleys.&nbsp;
As one of the 10 recognized by UNESCO areas with geoheritage of international importance in Italy, it belongs to the 127 UNESCO Global Geoparks laying in 35 countries. They are all institutional members of the Global Geoparks Network.
The Apuan Alps, at the north-western edge of Tuscany in Northern-Central Italy, are a fascinating orographic complex, worldwide known for its marbles, abysses and caves of its karst underground. 250 geosites testify to the outstanding geodiversity of the Geopark. The geological heritage is characterized by a tectonic window at the centre of the Apuan ridge showing the oldest geological units of the Apenninic belt, belonging to the Paleozoic (about 500 million years ago). The Apuan Alps have long been considered a classical area of the Italian geology, as they represent the most important tectonic window of the Northern Appennines where the lowermost units of the belt are exposed, being formed by a complex of greenschist metamorphic rocks. This complex is overthrusted by allochthonous units formed by non-metamorphic rocks. Overall, the Apuan Alps display rocks covering a long time span, from the Palaeozoic basement to the Cenozoic foredeep sandstones. However, their characteristic rocks are the marbles (e.g. the Carrara marble) occurring at different levels of the metasedimentary sequences. As for mineralogy, the Apuan Alps are also a very interesting area with about 200 mineral species, among which 18 were discovered in this region.
The Geopark area is a mountainous territory of great geo-environmental value due to its flora and fauna, which are rich in endemic animals (cave salamander Speleomantes ambrosii, coleoptera Duvalius apuanus, etc.) and vegetal species (small flower Globularia incanescens, plant Salix crataegifolia, etc.).</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;; font-size: 14px;"><img src="/uploads/editorfiles/006Y9Qr8gy1fmvmozmvkmj30dr07tmxu.jpg" width="644" height="366" alt="" /></span></p>