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世界地质公园网络中的山岳——加泰罗尼亚中部联合国教科文组织世界地质公园(西班牙)

来源:世界地质公园网络GGN 时间:2018-3-19 15:35:03

 加泰罗尼亚中部联合国教科文组织世界地质公园(西班牙)
位于加泰罗尼亚的中心地带,拥有众多地质、采矿遗迹以及强大的人文遗迹,这片土地由此极富个性,蕴藏伟大的文化和传统。
加泰罗尼亚中部联合国教科文组织世界地质公园是分布在35个国的家127个世界地质公园之一,这127家公园都是世界地质公园网络的机构成员。
约3600万年前,加泰罗尼亚的大部分地方都是汪洋一片,随着比利牛斯山的崛起,古海洋不断蒸发,最终消失了。这个过程给加泰罗尼亚留下了壮观的岩层和丰富的自然资源,由此确定了地质公园的地貌景观和社会区域。加泰罗尼亚地区基本是沉积岩,始新世和渐新世早期,首先是海洋环境沉积;大约3700万年前,该地区从海洋环境中分离出来,开始有河流、湖泊沉积物。加泰罗尼亚盆地是海相盆地的末端,是海洋蒸发岩沉积与全球相关的一个例子,随着比利牛斯山的隆起,矿物在构造环境中逐渐形成,如石盐(盐)和钾盐(钾盐)。此外,加泰罗尼亚还具有国际公认的独特资源,比如蒙特塞拉特山脉和桑特洛伦索德尔蒙特(古代沿海风扇三角洲)。公园内还有喀斯特地貌,如苏格兰石窟和El Toll洞穴,后者有着重要的史前和人类遗迹遗骸。比利牛斯山构造的最南端,在地貌学上具有重要的代表意义,同时也在河流阶地中发现了第四纪陆生脊椎动物化石。

The Central Catalonia UNESCO Global Geopark, 
located in the heart of Catalonia, contains numerous geological and mining heritage sites, as well a strong human presence, which has given this territory a strong personality, with a great culture and traditions.
The Central Catalonia UNESCO Global Geopark is one of the 127 UNESCO Global Geoparks in 35 countries. They are all institutional members of the Global Geoparks Network.
Over 36 million years ago, across much of Catalonia, there was a sea which disappeared and evaporated with the rise of the Pyrenees. This process left spectacular rock formations and rich natural resources, which defined the landscape and the society of the territory of the Central Catalonia UNESCO Global Geopark. Rocks are essentially sedimentary and from Eocene and early Oligocene ages and were deposited first in marine environments and after being isolated from the sea (about 37 million years ago), with fluvio‐lacustrine sediments. The Catalan Potassic Basin, the end of the marine basin, is an example of world relevance of the sedimentation of marine evaporitic rocks, with minerals such as halite (common salt) and sylvite (potash), formed 37 million years ago in the tectonic context of the rising of the Pyrenees. Furthermore, the territory also has unique elements internationally recognized such as the mountains of Montserrat and Sant Llorenç del Munt (ancient littoral fan deltas). Others are karstic elements such as Saltpetre Caves and El Toll Caves, the latter with important prehistoric and faunistic and human remains. The most southerly manifestations of the Pyrenean tectonics, is apparent in a representative geomorphology and important findings of Quaternary terrestrial vertebrate fossils in the fluvial terraces, among others.