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世界地质公园网络中的山岳——希腊莱斯沃斯岛世界地质公园

来源:世界地质公园网络GGN 作者:世界地质公园网络GGN 时间:2018-1-8 9:47:13

 希腊莱斯沃斯岛联合国教科文组织世界地质公园是2000年欧洲地质公园网络创建时的创始成员之一,也是分布在全球35个国家的127个联合国教科文组织世界地质公园的一员,他们都是世界地质公园网络的机构成员。莱斯沃斯岛联合国教科文组织世界地质公园以木化石森林而闻名,这座自然的丰碑代表着一座古老的森林,她是由2000万年前大规模火山喷发所保存下来的。但是岛上珍贵的地质遗迹还述说着更多的地球历史故事。岛上最高的山脉是Lepetymnos,一座中新世的火山,她和奥林匹斯山以及延伸的湿地、森林一起都属于Natura2000的保护区域。奥林匹斯山见证了希腊半岛山脉形成的地质过程。奥林匹斯突兀的山峰是莱斯沃斯最令人印象深刻的地质景观之一,她属于半构造窗。在古特提斯洋解体过程中活动强烈的构造力,将蛇绿岩置于源于海洋板块海洋沉积物的变质岩之上。这个岩层序位于奥林匹斯山碳酸盐岩的顶端,这曾经是古大陆边缘的一部分。
欢迎到访莱斯沃斯岛,探寻和发现更多有趣的地方和故事……

The Lesvos Island UNESCO Global Geopark, in Greece is a founding member of the European Geoparks Network in 2000. It one of the 127 UNESCO Global Geoparks in 35 countries. They are all institutional members of the Global Geoparks Network.
The Lesvos Island UNESCO Global Geopark is well known for the Petrified Forest, a natural monument represents an ancient forest preserved by a massive volcanic eruption 20 million years ago. But the geological treasures of the island include many more stories of the Earth's history. Its highest mountains are Lepetymnos, a Miocene volcano and Olympus together with the extensive wetland and forests belong to the Natura 2000 Network of protected areas. Mount Olympus is a testimony of the geological processes that created the mountain ranges of the Hellenic peninsula. The bare peak of Olympus represents one of the most impressive geological spectacles of Lesvos: a tectonic half-window. Intense tectonic forces, active during the breakup of the ancient Tethys Ocean, placed ophiolitic ocean rocks on top of the metamorphic rocks which originated from marine sediments of the oceanic plate. This rock sequence was placed on top of the carbonate rocks of Mount Olympus which was once part of the edge of an old continent. Visit Lesvos island and discover more interesting places and stories.....