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世界地质公园网络中的山岳——斯瓦卞阿尔比世界地质公园

来源:世界地质公园网络GGN 作者:世界地质公园网络GGN 时间:2018-1-8 9:14:54

 斯瓦卞阿尔比联合国教科文组织世界地质公园位于德国巴登-符腾堡州,斯图加特以南约40公里,是该州唯一的联合国教科文组织世界地质公园。它是35个国家拥有127个公认的联合国教科文组织世界地质公园之一,是都属于全球地质公园网络的机构成员。
斯瓦比亚侏罗山(Swabian Jura),也被称作斯瓦比亚阿尔比(Swabian Alb),是瑞士和弗兰哥尼阶侏罗之间侏罗纪高地的核心部分。侏罗纪岩石分布于大部地区,也可见到一些较老和较年轻的岩石。所有这些构成该地区地质、古生物和生态多样性特征。斯瓦卞阿尔比地质公园是德国洞穴密度最高的喀斯特山麓,包括12个游览洞穴和约40个可进入的野外洞穴。喀斯特地貌中有很多有趣的地质遗迹,如落水洞、化石礁,岩溶泉以及岩溶洞穴(在德国洞穴密度最大)。布廷戈大理石(Böttinger Marble)是一种含有许多动植物化石的特殊石灰岩。在一些洞穴中发现了人类最古老的艺术品。斯瓦比亚阿尔比具有全球意义的地质和古生物特征,主要发现包括:阿连阶河普林斯巴阶地层(欧洲)的典型地点、遗迹霍尔茨马登,努斯普林根和德特恩豪森布劳特夫等具有国际意义的化石发现地。此外,公园东部的斯坦海姆盆地是一个陨石坑,大约形成于1500万年前。斯坦海姆盆地于全球而言是独一无二的,因为她保存有非常好的丘陵,以及分布有350多个火山口的斯瓦比亚火山。

The Swabian Alb UNESCO Global Geopark is located in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, about 40 kilometers south of Stuttgart and is the only UNESCO Global Geopark in this federal state. It is among the 127 recognized UNESCO Global Geoparks in 35 countries. They are all institutional members of the Global Geoparks Network.
The Swabian Jura - also called Swabian Alb - is the central part of this chain of the Jurassic highlands between the Swiss and the Franconian Jura. Jurassic rocks dominate the area, but older and younger periods are also represented. Altogether they provide an outstanding variety of geological, paleontological and ecological features. The Geopark is a Karst-foothill with the highest density of caves in Germany. 12 visitor caves and about 40 accessible wild caves are located in the area. The karst landscape has many interesting geosites including dolines, fossil reefs, springs and the highest density of caves in Germany. Of particular interest is the Böttinger Marble, a special limestone with many plant and animal fossils. In some caves of the oldest artworks of humanity were found. Major findings are, for example, “Venus of Hohle Fels” or the so called “Löwenmensch” from the Lone valley. A special highlight is the richness of fossils. Some fossil sites are of world-wide significance such as Holzmaden, Nusplingen or Dotternhausen. Further, the Steinheim Basin in the eastern part of the UNESCO Global Geopark is a meteorite crater. The impact occurred around 15 million years ago. The Steinheim Basin is world-wide unique because of the very well preserved central hill. 350 volcanic vents between Bad Urach and Kirchheim are subsumed under the popular name "Swabian Volcano".